Emerging infectious diseases: How to protect yourself against new health threats.

Les maladies infectieuses émergentes : Comment se protéger contre les nouvelles menaces pour la santé.

Protect yourself against new health threats

Emerging infectious diseases are a growing threat to public health. Emerging infectious diseases are diseases that are new or have recently spread in a population. They can be caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites. Emerging infectious diseases can spread quickly and be highly contagious. It is therefore important to take steps to protect against these new health threats.

1. Wash your hands

Washing your hands is one of the best ways to protect yourself against emerging infectious diseases. You should wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds before eating, after contact with sick animals or people, and after being outdoors. You should also wash your hands after using the toilet, coughing or sneezing, and handling food or objects that may be contaminated.

2. Use hand sanitizer

If you don't have access to soap and water, you can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Make sure the product contains at least 60% alcohol and apply it to all surfaces of your hands. Rub them until they are dry.

3. Wear a mask

Wearing a mask can help reduce the risk of contracting an emerging infectious disease. Masks can help prevent droplets from coughs and sneezes from reaching other people. You should wear a mask when you are outside and around people who are not from your household. You should also wear a mask if you are sick or in contact with sick people.

4. Avoid close contact

You should avoid close contact with other people as much as possible. Close contact is defined as being within 6 feet of another person. You should avoid shaking hands, kissing, or hugging with others. You should also avoid sharing items such as phones, laptops or pens.

5. Stay home if you are sick

If you are sick, you should stay home and avoid going out as much as possible. You should also avoid contacting people who are not from your household. If you must go out, wear a mask and maintain a social distance of 6 feet from other people.